Surgical Management of Vocal Fold Paralysis and Cricopharyngeal Dysfunction as a Cause of Aspiration Aspiration and pharyngeal dysphagia occur across various age groups as a result of numerous conditions, such as neurological, oncological, or inflammatory processes. After nonsurgical techniques fail, surgical options for treatment of the larynx or cricopharygeus muscle are considered. The most common causes of laryngeal causes of dysphasia/aspiration can be treated ... Article
Article  |   June 01, 2014
Surgical Management of Vocal Fold Paralysis and Cricopharyngeal Dysfunction as a Cause of Aspiration
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Swapna Chandran
    Department of Otolaryngology, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY
  • Swapna Chandran

    Financial Disclosure: Swapna Chandran is an Assistant Professor in Otolaryngology at the University of Louisville School of Medicine.

    Nonfinancial Disclosure: Swapna Chandran has previously published in the subject area.

Article Information
Speech, Voice & Prosodic Disorders / Voice Disorders / Swallowing, Dysphagia & Feeding Disorders / Article
Article   |   June 01, 2014
Surgical Management of Vocal Fold Paralysis and Cricopharyngeal Dysfunction as a Cause of Aspiration
SIG 13 Perspectives on Swallowing and Swallowing Disorders (Dysphagia), June 2014, Vol. 23, 106-115. doi:10.1044/sasd23.3.106
SIG 13 Perspectives on Swallowing and Swallowing Disorders (Dysphagia), June 2014, Vol. 23, 106-115. doi:10.1044/sasd23.3.106

Aspiration and pharyngeal dysphagia occur across various age groups as a result of numerous conditions, such as neurological, oncological, or inflammatory processes. After nonsurgical techniques fail, surgical options for treatment of the larynx or cricopharygeus muscle are considered. The most common causes of laryngeal causes of dysphasia/aspiration can be treated with procedures aimed at closing the laryngeal gap resulting from paralysis. Cricopharyngeal dysfunction often can be identified by various diagnostic modalities, but dilation, botulinum toxin, and myotomy are commonly employed management options.

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