Oral Strengthening and Swallowing Outcomes The tongue plays a key role in the transport of. swallowed material out of the oral cavity and through the pharynx (Cerenko, McConnel, & Jackson, 1989; Dodds, 1987). While it is the primary propulsive force moving the bolus from the front to the back of the mouth, Dodds (1987)  ... Article
Article  |   March 01, 2003
Oral Strengthening and Swallowing Outcomes
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • JoAnne Robbins
    Wm. S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, University of Wisconsin-Madison
  • JoAnne Robbins is Associate Professor in the Department of Medicine at the University of Wisconsin. She is the Associate Director for Research of the Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center (GRECO at the Wm. S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital and is Director of the UW/VA Swallowing Program, jrobbinl@facstaff.wisc.edu
Article Information
Swallowing, Dysphagia & Feeding Disorders / Special Populations / Older Adults & Aging / Articles
Article   |   March 01, 2003
Oral Strengthening and Swallowing Outcomes
SIG 13 Perspectives on Swallowing and Swallowing Disorders (Dysphagia), March 2003, Vol. 12, 16-20. doi:10.1044/sasd12.1.16
SIG 13 Perspectives on Swallowing and Swallowing Disorders (Dysphagia), March 2003, Vol. 12, 16-20. doi:10.1044/sasd12.1.16
The tongue plays a key role in the transport of. swallowed material out of the oral cavity and through the pharynx (Cerenko, McConnel, & Jackson, 1989; Dodds, 1987). While it is the primary propulsive force moving the bolus from the front to the back of the mouth, Dodds (1987)  described tongue movement as a major component of the pharyngeal swallow and suggested that tongue movements stimulate faucial and oropharyngeal receptors that trigger other parts of the swallow sequence. Hrycyshyn and Basmajian (1972)  identified the geniohyoid, mylohyoid, and anterior belly of digastric muscles as components of the sequence linking jaw, tongue, and hyoid. While sizable variation exists in the order of muscle firing, it is hypothesized that this complex plays an important role in the patterned swallow response.
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