The Application of Tongue Endurance Measures to Functional Dining While tongue strength has been shown to be critical for safe swallowing, measures of tongue endurance may be more functional, given that dining requires multiple swallows performed over a period of time. Recent findings demonstrate that the act of eating a meal reduces tongue endurance in both young and older ... Article
Article  |   June 01, 2009
The Application of Tongue Endurance Measures to Functional Dining
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Stephanie Kays
    University of Washington Medical Center and Virginia Mason Hospital, Seattle, WA
  • JoAnne Robbins
    Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Center, William S. Middleton Memorial VA Hospital, Madison, WI
Article Information
Swallowing, Dysphagia & Feeding Disorders / Special Populations / Older Adults & Aging
Article   |   June 01, 2009
The Application of Tongue Endurance Measures to Functional Dining
SIG 13 Perspectives on Swallowing and Swallowing Disorders (Dysphagia), June 2009, Vol. 18, 61-67. doi:10.1044/sasd18.2.61
SIG 13 Perspectives on Swallowing and Swallowing Disorders (Dysphagia), June 2009, Vol. 18, 61-67. doi:10.1044/sasd18.2.61

While tongue strength has been shown to be critical for safe swallowing, measures of tongue endurance may be more functional, given that dining requires multiple swallows performed over a period of time. Recent findings demonstrate that the act of eating a meal reduces tongue endurance in both young and older adults, but young adults tend to have higher baseline endurance measures, suggesting that older adults present with reduced reserve to safely complete a meal with minimal effort. Furthermore, observed changes in tongue endurance after dining vary with respect to anatomic tongue location, age, and gender. Evidence from studies of limb muscle endurance is utilized to discuss these findings.

Acknowledgments
This is GRECC Manuscript #2009-03.
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