Rationale for Strength and Skill Goals in Tongue Resistance Training: A Review Recent evidence in the dysphagia literature shows that tongue resistance training can be used to improve tongue strength. In this review article, we summarize what is known about the tongue and its role in swallowing. We review the literature on tongue pressure generation capacity (strength) and response to tongue resistance ... Article
Article  |   June 01, 2009
Rationale for Strength and Skill Goals in Tongue Resistance Training: A Review
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Catriona M. Steele
    Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, University of TorontoToronto, Ontario, Canada
  • Gemma L. Bailey
    Speech-Language Pathologist, Toronto Rehabilitation InstituteToronto, Ontario, Canada
  • Sonja M. Molfenter
    Toronto Rehabilitation InstituteToronto, Ontario, Canada
  • Erin M. Yeates
    Toronto Rehabilitation InstituteToronto, Ontario, Canada
Article Information
Swallowing, Dysphagia & Feeding Disorders
Article   |   June 01, 2009
Rationale for Strength and Skill Goals in Tongue Resistance Training: A Review
SIG 13 Perspectives on Swallowing and Swallowing Disorders (Dysphagia), June 2009, Vol. 18, 49-54. doi:10.1044/sasd18.2.49
SIG 13 Perspectives on Swallowing and Swallowing Disorders (Dysphagia), June 2009, Vol. 18, 49-54. doi:10.1044/sasd18.2.49

Recent evidence in the dysphagia literature shows that tongue resistance training can be used to improve tongue strength. In this review article, we summarize what is known about the tongue and its role in swallowing. We review the literature on tongue pressure generation capacity (strength) and response to tongue resistance exercises. Tongue skill is introduced as a possible alternate goal in tongue resistance training, based on consideration of related literature regarding neural adaptation and improvements in motor performance resulting from treatment approaches in which goal-oriented practice and performance-specific feedback are provided.

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