Stroke Patients and Aspiration Pneumonia Stroke is one of the most common and devastating clinical disorders that can affect any person. A stroke is characterized by the sudden and rapid development of clinical symptoms and signs due to focal or global loss of cerebral function that lasts more than 24 hours or leading to ... Article
Article  |   March 01, 2005
Stroke Patients and Aspiration Pneumonia
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Margot Gosney
    University of Reading, Berkshire, United Kingdom
Article Information
Swallowing, Dysphagia & Feeding Disorders / Special Populations / Articles
Article   |   March 01, 2005
Stroke Patients and Aspiration Pneumonia
SIG 13 Perspectives on Swallowing and Swallowing Disorders (Dysphagia), March 2005, Vol. 14, 16-20. doi:10.1044/sasd14.1.16
SIG 13 Perspectives on Swallowing and Swallowing Disorders (Dysphagia), March 2005, Vol. 14, 16-20. doi:10.1044/sasd14.1.16
Stroke is one of the most common and devastating clinical disorders that can affect any person. A stroke is characterized by the sudden and rapid development of clinical symptoms and signs due to focal or global loss of cerebral function that lasts more than 24 hours or leading to death within that period. In all clinical cases there is no apparent cause other than that of vascular origin (Hatano, 1976) .
In the United Kingdom (UK), more than 100,000 people each year suffer their first stroke. Worldwide, after myocardial infarction and cancer, stroke is the third most common cause of death (Thorvaldsen, Asplund, Kuulasmaa, Rajakangas, & Schroll, 1995) . The annual incidence of first stroke without adjustment for age, gender or race is calculated to be approximately 2.4/1,000 head of population. This rises with increasing age, such that the incidence for those aged over 85 years is 10 per 1,000 head of population (Wade & Hewer, 1987) . In the UK, stroke causes an estimated 60,000 deaths per annum (ONS Mortality Statistics Cause, 1997) . In the UK, the cost of strokes to the National Health Service (NHS) is estimated to be at least £2.3 billion per annum, with at least 25%of long term and 20%of acute care beds being occupied by patients following a stroke.
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