The Utility of Cervical Auscultation in the Evaluation of Dysphagia In approximately 6000 B.C., an ancient civilization arose on the plains of Mesopotamia (Piggott, 1961). This civilization, bordered by the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, in the area now comprising portions of Iraq, Iran, and Syria, proved to be surprisingly advanced. By 4000 B.C., several large walled cities marked the ... Article
Article  |   December 01, 2004
The Utility of Cervical Auscultation in the Evaluation of Dysphagia
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Russell H. Mills
    Tennessee Valley Healthcare System, Murfreesboro, TN
Article Information
Swallowing, Dysphagia & Feeding Disorders / Articles
Article   |   December 01, 2004
The Utility of Cervical Auscultation in the Evaluation of Dysphagia
SIG 13 Perspectives on Swallowing and Swallowing Disorders (Dysphagia), December 2004, Vol. 13, 14-20. doi:10.1044/sasd13.4.14
SIG 13 Perspectives on Swallowing and Swallowing Disorders (Dysphagia), December 2004, Vol. 13, 14-20. doi:10.1044/sasd13.4.14
In approximately 6000 B.C., an ancient civilization arose on the plains of Mesopotamia (Piggott, 1961). This civilization, bordered by the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, in the area now comprising portions of Iraq, Iran, and Syria, proved to be surprisingly advanced. By 4000 B.C., several large walled cities marked the area. Though constantly invaded by their poorer neighbors, within these cities architecture, art, written language, mathematics, medicine and science flourished. Archeological investigations have shown that there were individuals identified as “physicians” within the Mesopotamian society. Their understanding of disease and its treatment was an interesting mix of religion, demonology, magic, and herbal treatments. They were severely limited by the absence of medical instrumentation that would allow them to understand the workings of the human organism. Consequently, they functioned with the only information available, the overt symptoms presented by their patients.
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